Wrinkles and fine lines on the face are one of the most visible signs of ageing. They’re caused by the breakdown of collagen and elastin in the skin – as we age, our bodies can't produce enough collagen to replenish what has been lost, so the skin begins to lose its strength and elasticity over time.
Other factors can play into lines and wrinkles too, such as:
Environmental factors like extreme weather conditions and pollution can cause fine lines and wrinkles. Environmental conditions that are not salubrious can lead to free radicals attacking the healthy cells of the bodies thereby making visible the signs of aging like fine lines and wrinkles.
Mistreatment of the Skin
Wrinkles may also appear when the skin is mistreated. These may result from harsh activities like washing eyes and squeezing them on the pillow. It would be hard to believe for many of us that there are special pillowcases made from fabrics that prevent fine lines and wrinkles.
If you are stressed all the time, you will notice that your skin will start losing its luster and develop wrinkles and fine lines, irrespective of your age. Therefore, lead a stress-free life (easier said than done!) to avoid damage to your skin. Further, smoking too is bad for your skin. It dehydrates the skin and appears very dry. If you smoke, equip yourself with all the knowledge about disadvantages of smoking as it is a very crucial factor in making your skin look aged.
Sun exposure is the number one cause of wrinkles & fine lines. The best way to combat this is to use SPF every day to protect from sun damage.
Sleep when you don't get enough sleep, the body produces excess cortisol, a hormone that breaks down skin cells. Get enough rest, and you'll produce more HGH (human growth hormone), which helps skin remain thick, more "elastic," and less likely to wrinkle.
Use Serums with Active Ingredients
Serums containing vitamin A/Retinol deeply repair the lower layers of the skin to regenerate collagen and elastin, renew ageing cells and generate new healthy cells. Resulting in less visible fine lines, and plumped skin.
Practise facial massage
Facial massage brings blood to the skin's surface, giving you an instant glow.
Sun exposure: When your skin is repeatedly exposed to UV light, sun damage occurs. Brown spots and uneven skin tone develop as a result of too much melanin being produced to help protect your skin from UV light.
Pollution: Particles and gasses from traffic-related air pollution are able to penetrate the skin and lead to formation of brown spots, particularly on the face.
Hormones: Melasma is hormone-related hyperpigmentation caused by increased hormone stimulation. It’s most commonly experienced by women who are pregnant (which is why it’s also known as the “mask of pregnancy”) or taking contraceptives, but can also be a reaction to cosmetics or medications.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: This is a darkening of the skin as a result of scarring, which can be caused by acne lesions or skin injury.
Apply SPF daily. Unprotected sun exposure is the number one culprit behind hyperpigmentation. Applying a sunscreen or moisturiser with a Broad Spectrum SPF of at least 30 is the easiest way to help prevent new spots. Tip: Look for Oleosome technology, which increases SPF performance.
Exfoliate. Treat existing hyperpigmentation by first sloughing off dead, dulling skin cells at the surface. This clears the path for the ingredients in your serums and moisturisers to better penetrate the skin. Tip: Look for a gentle, micro-fine exfoliant you can use daily.
Use the right ingredients. Seek out products that contain Alpha Arbutin which works by producing an enzyme that inhibits melanin production. intensely brightening skin, as well as reducing the appearance of dark spots and hyper-pigmentation.
Be patient. There's no quick fix for an uneven skin tone. Traditionally it takes at least 30 days of vigilant skin care treatment before you see any progress. Successful, 75 percent skin brightening can take up to four months, so don't give up!