Sun exposure: When your skin is repeatedly exposed to UV light, sun damage occurs. Brown spots and uneven skin tone develop as a result of too much melanin being produced to help protect your skin from UV light.
Pollution: Particles and gasses from traffic-related air pollution are able to penetrate the skin and lead to formation of brown spots, particularly on the face.
Hormones: Melasma is hormone-related hyperpigmentation caused by increased hormone stimulation. It’s most commonly experienced by women who are pregnant (which is why it’s also known as the “mask of pregnancy”) or taking contraceptives, but can also be a reaction to cosmetics or medications.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: This is a darkening of the skin as a result of scarring, which can be caused by acne lesions or skin injury.
Apply SPF daily. Unprotected sun exposure is the number one culprit behind hyperpigmentation. Applying a sunscreen or moisturiser with a Broad Spectrum SPF of at least 30 is the easiest way to help prevent new spots. Tip: Look for Oleosome technology, which increases SPF performance.
Exfoliate. Treat existing hyperpigmentation by first sloughing off dead, dulling skin cells at the surface. This clears the path for the ingredients in your serums and moisturisers to better penetrate the skin. Tip: Look for a gentle, micro-fine exfoliant you can use daily.
Use the right ingredients. Seek out products that contain Alpha Arbutin which works by producing an enzyme that inhibits melanin production. intensely brightening skin, as well as reducing the appearance of dark spots and hyper-pigmentation.
Be patient. There's no quick fix for an uneven skin tone. Traditionally it takes at least 30 days of vigilant skin care treatment before you see any progress. Successful, 75 percent skin brightening can take up to four months, so don't give up!
Sensitive skin is caused by nerve endings in the top layer of skin becoming irritated. This occurs because your skin’s natural barrier function is weakened and has broken down due to a trigger. Common causes of sensitive skin can include:
• Sun exposure • Exposure to air pollution • Frequent changes in temperature • Very hot water • Lack of sleep • Hormonal changes during your menstrual cycle or pregnancy • Stress and late nights • Chlorine in swimming pools • Dry skin • Dehydration
Always wear sun cream
Everyone knows that skin redness caused by a sunburn is bad, but what some people don't realize is that simply tanning is extremely damaging to the skin. Damaged skin is easily irritated, which spells out trouble for those with chronically sensitive skin.
Avoid your triggers
Many sensitive skin causes, like using skin care products with harsh ingredients, drinking too much coffee or alcohol, smoking, not getting enough sleep and more can be avoided or minimised. Knowing your skin and what can trigger a sensitivity false up is key to help soothe both naturally sensitive and temporarily sensitised skin.
Strengthen your skin's barrier
Sensitive skin is weakened skin - that's why ordinary skin care products, poor daily habits and the environment can cause irritation and dryness. Look for products that help strengthen the skin's barrier, to calm reactivity and diminish signs of overactivity.
Protect against pollution
92% of the world's population is breathing polluted air and live in an area where outdoor air quality fails to meet their guidelines for safety. Skin exposed to daily toxic pollution becomes prematurely aged, weakened, dull, dehydrated and sensitised. Always use anti-pollution products, like ALPHA GLOW FLASH FACIAL, to protect skin.