Sun exposure: When your skin is repeatedly exposed to UV light, sun damage occurs. Brown spots and uneven skin tone develop as a result of too much melanin being produced to help protect your skin from UV light.
Pollution: Particles and gasses from traffic-related air pollution are able to penetrate the skin and lead to formation of brown spots, particularly on the face.
Hormones: Melasma is hormone-related hyperpigmentation caused by increased hormone stimulation. It’s most commonly experienced by women who are pregnant (which is why it’s also known as the “mask of pregnancy”) or taking contraceptives, but can also be a reaction to cosmetics or medications.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: This is a darkening of the skin as a result of scarring, which can be caused by acne lesions or skin injury.
Apply SPF daily. Unprotected sun exposure is the number one culprit behind hyperpigmentation. Applying a sunscreen or moisturiser with a Broad Spectrum SPF of at least 30 is the easiest way to help prevent new spots. Tip: Look for Oleosome technology, which increases SPF performance.
Exfoliate. Treat existing hyperpigmentation by first sloughing off dead, dulling skin cells at the surface. This clears the path for the ingredients in your serums and moisturisers to better penetrate the skin. Tip: Look for a gentle, micro-fine exfoliant you can use daily.
Use the right ingredients. Seek out products that contain Alpha Arbutin which works by producing an enzyme that inhibits melanin production. intensely brightening skin, as well as reducing the appearance of dark spots and hyper-pigmentation.
Be patient. There's no quick fix for an uneven skin tone. Traditionally it takes at least 30 days of vigilant skin care treatment before you see any progress. Successful, 75 percent skin brightening can take up to four months, so don't give up!
Sagging skin and loss of definition can appear anywhere on the body and face, most common areas are the neck, arms and abdomen. One of the main causes of sagging skin is age. As we age, our skin tends to lose collagen and elastin, the supportive connective tissue that makes it look firm, plump and youthful.
This process can results in sagging skin around the face, neck and body. In addition to this, facial muscles can weaken with age and eventually cause a drop. Sun exposure can also reduce skin's elasticity. Finally, sudden weight loss, especially large amounts of weight over a short period of time, can also cause the skin to sag dramatically.
Practise facial massage
Facial massage brings blood to the skin's surface, giving you an instant glow. A gentle massage, helps to tone the underlying muscles and provides increased support for the top layers of your skin. This increased support serves to pull the skin tight and ultimately reduces the appearance of sagging skin.
Applying skincare on neck with upward strokes
So many people focus on the lifting effect that they want from the skincare they apply to their neck. That’s all well and good - but any folds or wrinkles actually open upwards. To make sure your wonder products are getting to where they need to be, start by applying them with downwards strokes. Then massage your neck upwards for that all-important lifting effect.
Use Serums with Active Ingredients
Serums containing vitamin A/Retinol deeply repair the lower layers of the skin to regenerate collagen and elastin, renew ageing cells and generate new healthy cells. Resulting in less visible fine lines, and plumped skin.